Apple Swirls

Their airiness, the typical and slightly sour taste make the apple swirls a popular yeast dough classic. Professionals know two methods for the production of sweet yeasted dough: with or without pre-dough.

For the yeast dough without pre-dough, all ingredients are mixed and kneaded into a dough (“direct guidance”). With the “indirect method” you first prepare a pre-dough from part of the flour, the yeast and the liquid (usually milk), which is left to stand for a while. During this time, the pre-dough matures: the flour swells, the yeast multiplies, flavor is developed and the later main dough becomes more active.

As soon as the pre-dough forms a dome-shaped and coarse surface (which collapses when you press it with your finger), the pre-dough has reached the optimum maturity and is ready to be processed with the remaining ingredients into the main dough.


Pre-dough (Sponge):

  • 140g Wheat flour Type 700
  • 140g Warm milk (30-35°C)
  •   16g Yeast
  •     7g Honey

Maturity time: 40-60 minutes   DT: 30°C

After mixing, place it in a warm spot to rise.

Main dough:

  • 303g Mature pre-dough
  • 460g Wheat flour / Type 700
  • 100g Whole eggs (2)
  •   40g Yolks (2)
  •   60g  Brown sugar
  • 150g Soft butter (room temperature – NOT LIQUID!)
  •   12g Salt
  •    + zest from half an orange

Mixing time: 7 minutes slow / 6 minutes fast


  • 3-4 Apples (peeled and finely chopped)
  • Some sugar and cinnamon (or depending on the season, gingerbread spice or Stollen spice!)


  • Melted butter
  • Coarse sugar


  • Mix the mature pre-dough and other ingredients into a smooth, supple and well kneaded dough.
  • After kneading, allow 15 minutes for the dough to mature. 
  • Divide the dough mass into 22 equal-sized pieces and roll into round dough balls. 
  • Cover for a further 15 minute rest.
  • Now the dough balls are rolled into flat ovals  (see Video – here).
  • Lay the dough out lengthwise, place a strip of apple filling down the middle, fold the dough over once and then roll up into a snail. 
  • Place on a baking tray with plenty of space between, cover and let them rise in a warm spot. 
  • Once ¾ proofed the apple swirls are baked at 210°C reduced to 190°C for about 7-8 minutes until golden brown.
  • While still warm, brush with a thin layer of melted butter and coat with coarse sugar.